Theory and Studies

Tenets Of Taekwon-do:

Meaning of White Belt: White signifies innocence as that of a beginning student who has no previous knowledge of Taekwon-Do.
Meaning of Yellow Belt: Yellow signifies the earth from which the plant sprouts and takes root as the Taekwon-Do foundations are being laid.
Meaning of Green Belt: Green signifies the plant’s growth as the Taekwon-Do skills begin to develop.
Meaning of Blue Belt: Blue signifies the Heaven towards which the plant matures into a towering tree as training in Taekwon-Do progresses.
Meaning of Red Belt: Red signifies danger, cautioning the student to exercise control and warning the opponent to stay away.
Meaning of Black Belt: Black is the opposite of white, therefore signifying maturity and proficiency in Taekwon-Do. It also signifies the wearers imperviousness to darkness and fear.

General Information & History:
Taekwon-Do literally means the ‘Art of Hand and Foot’. Tae means Foot Kwon means Hand Do means Art or Way.
Founder of Taekwon-Do General Choi Hong Hi, 9th Degree Grandmaster (11th April 1955)
I.T.F. stands for: International Taekwon-Do Federation
Founder of I.T.F. General Choi Hong Hi, 9th Degree Grandmaster (22nd March 1966)

Inside Block (An Makgi) refers to blocking on the inside of the attacking tool.
Outside Block (Bakkat Makgi) refers to blocking on the outside of the attacking tool.
Inward Block (Anuro Makgi) means blocking from an outward to inward trajectory.
Outward Block (Bakuro Makgi) means blocking from an inward to outward trajectory.

Sine Wave

Full Sine Wave: This means that once the first movement is complete, you then drop your weight down, up, then down again as you complete the next movement(down/up/down).

2/3 Sine Wave: This means completing the first movement, moving straight up then down to complete the next movement (up/down).

1/3 Sine Wave: This means you are already up at the completion of the first movement, so then drop down into the next (down).

Different Motions

Slow Motion: Movement is performed slowly with slow breathing. This is used to emphasize an important movement and to check balance and control.

Fast Motion: Urgent and aggresive,normal breathing. Fast motion is nearly always attacks-mainly two punches. Short cut your sine wave-spring straight from the first movement into the next.

Continuous Motion: Link the movement together with no pause between the end of one movement and the start of the next. Breath in once then out in a continuous flow of air but emphasizing each movement. Try to link the moments smoothly, with grace and beauty(Continuous movements always start with a block).

Connecting Motion: Complete the two movements with one breath and one sine wave. Connecting motion is always with two movements using opposite arms.

ITF Oath:
I shall observe the tenets of Taekwon-Do.
I shall respect the Instructors and Seniors.
I shall never misuse Taekwon-Do.
I shall be a champion of freedom and justice.
I shall build a more peaceful world.